About Georgia:Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto, first traveled to what is now Georgia in 1540. British ownership claims later conflicted with those of Spain. After obtaining a royal charter, Gen. James Oglethorpe established the first permanent settlement in 1733 as a refuge settlement for English debtors. In 1742, Oglethorpe defeated Spanish invaders in the “Battle of Bloody Marsh.”
During the Civil War, Georgia was the scene of extensive military action including Union General William T. Sherman’s famous burning of Atlanta, which destroyed a 60-mile path to the coast. Sherman captured Savannah in a famous battle in 1864.
Georgia is the largest state in the southeast, and is a rapidly developing industrial community. Atlanta, the largest city in the state, is the communications and transportation center for the Southeast and the area’s chief export site.
Georgia leads the nation in the production of paper, tufted textile products, and processed chicken. Other major manufactured products are transportation equipment, apparel, and chemicals.
Important agricultural products are corn, cotton, tobacco, soybeans, eggs, and peaches. Georgia produces twice as many peanuts as the next leading state and produces more than half of the world’s resins and turpentine and 74.4 percent of the U.S. supply. Georgia is a leader in the production of marble, kaolin, barite, and bauxite.
Principal tourist attractions include the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, Andersonville Prison Park and National Cemetery, the Little White House at Warm Springs, Sea Island, the enormous Confederate Memorial at Stone Mountain, and the Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park.
A few facts about Georgia:
• The population of Georgia is approximately 8,829,383 people.
• Land size, 57,906 square miles.
• Persons per square mile is 141.4
• 7.3% are kids under the age of 5 years old.
• 26.5% persons under the age of 18 years old.
• 9.6% of people are over the age of 65 years old.
• 51.8% female persons.
• The median household income is $42,433.
• The average per capita money income is $21,154.
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