About Connecticut:Dutch navigator Adriaen Block was the first European to explore the Connecticut area after sailing the Connecticut River in 1614. The Connecticut River is almost 407 miles long and navigable to Hartford. In 1633, Dutch colonists built a fort and trading post near present-day Hartford but soon lost control to English Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. English settlements established in the 1630s, at Windsor, Wethersfield, and Hartford, united in 1639 to form the Connecticut Colony. The newly formed colony formed the state’s first constitution, the “Fundamental Orders,” which remained in effect from 1639-1662.
Connecticut played a prominent role in the Revolutionary War, serving as the Continental Army’s major supplier. Sometimes called the “Arsenal of the Nation,” the state became a center for national and military industry.
Today, Connecticut factories produce weapons, sewing machines, jet engines, helicopters, motors, hardware and tools, cutlery, clocks, locks, silverware, and submarines. Hartford has the oldest existant U.S. newspaper—the Hartford Courant, established 1764—and is the insurance capital of the nation.
Connecticut leads New England in the production of eggs, pears, peaches, and mushrooms, and its oyster crop is the nation’s second largest. Poultry and dairy products also account for a large portion of Connecticut’s agricultural industry.
Connecticut boasts many popular resort areas, many located along the 250-mile Long Island Sound shoreline. The Long Island Sound is a popular leisure and boating center. Among the major points of interest are Yale University’s Gallery of Fine Arts and the Peabody Museum. Other famous museums include the P. T. Barnum Museum, Winchester Gun Museum, and American Clock and Watch Museum. The town of Mystic features a re-created 19th-century New England seaport and received many visitors to its famous Mystic Marinelife Aquarium.
A few facts about Connecticut:
• The population of Connecticut is 3,503,604 people.
• Land size, 4,845 square miles.
• Persons per square mile is 702.9
• 6.6% are kids under the age of 5 years old.
• 24.7% persons under the age of 18 years old.
• 13.8% of people are over the age of 65 years old.
• 51.6% female persons.
• The median household income is $53,935.
• The average per capita money income is $28,766.
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