About New Jersey:New Jersey’s early colonial history is linked to the history of New York State. The “New Netherlands” territory was included in a commercial grant by the government of Holland to the Dutch West India Company in 1621. One year after the Dutch surrendered to England in 1664, New Jersey was organized as an English colony under Gov. Philip Carteret.
In 1676, the colony was divided between Carteret and a group of English Quakers who obtained the rights from Lord John Berkeley. New Jersey became a united crown colony in 1702, administered by the royal governor of New York. Finally, in 1738, New Jersey was separated from New York under its own royal governor, Lewis Morris. Because of its key location, between New York City and Philadelphia, New Jersey saw was the sight of many major engagements during the American Revolution.
Today, New Jersey is an area of wide industrial diversification. New Jersey is known as the Crossroads of the East and ships its products, from over 15,000 factories, to almost 60 million people, representing 12 states and the District of Columbia. The greatest single industry is chemicals and New Jersey boasts one of the foremost research centers in the world. Many large oil refineries are located in northern New Jersey and the state produces many other goods including pharmaceuticals, instruments, machinery, electrical goods, and apparel.
Productive farmland covers nearly one million acres, about 20% of New Jersey’s land area, and the state produces a variety of vegetable, cranberries, blueberries, peaches, poultry and dairy products.
Tourism is the second-largest industry in New Jersey. The state has numerous resort areas along its 127 miles of Atlantic coastline. In 1977, New Jersey voters approved legislation which legalized casino gambling in Atlantic City. Since that time, the gambling has become the states largest tourist industry. Points of attractions include Edison National Historic Site in West Orange, Princeton University, Liberty State Park, Jersey City, and the N.J. State Aquarium in Camden.
A few facts about New Jersey:
• The population of New Jersey is 8,698,879 people.
• Land size, 7,417 square miles.
• Persons per square mile is 1,134.4
• 6.7% are kids under the age of 5 years old.
• 24.8% persons under the age of 18 years old.
• 13.2% of people are over the age of 65 years old.
• 51.5% female persons.
• The median household income is $55,146.
• The average per capita money income is $27,006.
Explore NJ, Residential Movers and Relocation Services